Week-By-Week Pregnancy Online Guide

The Table of Contents:

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Not pregnant yet but you and your partner have decided that you want a child. It’s a good start. What happens now? There are some things to consider when you decide to have a child, if you have not yet made it is good to immediately start taking folic acid, which, as is known, helps prevent neural tube defects. Quitting smoking is virtually a must, as well as stopping taking alcohol and substances that could harm the baby. So you must begin to take better care of yourself, adopting a lifestyle consonant with the new situation you have decided to tackle. With My Canadian Pharmacy as your professional advisor you can rest assured that the new exciting journey you are about to embark on will bring you nothing but joy, comfort and peace of mind.

Your Pregnancy. Week 1.

What Happens to Your Body

It is also important to plan the days of sexual intercourse during those days when ovulation is expected, your fertile period. If the cycle is regular, you can figure it out using the computer. Otherwise, you can use the ovulation stick or monitoring of BBT to have confirmation of ovulation occurring. This is not to say that you are not allowed to have an intercourse when you want, the  important thing is not to get tired right in the most fertile period.

On the days you’re having your period your uterus is cleaning up to get ready for a possible pregnancy in a couple of weeks. The hormones are acting on oocyte maturation that will be released at ovulation.

The Development of the Child

In the first week there is still no child and conception occurs only after about two weeks after the end of the menstrual cycle (in a 28 day cycle). This period is considered, however, and included, in pregnancy. 15 to 20 follicles are maturing inside your ovary. One of them will take the upper hand (the dominant follicle) and will release the egg during ovulation.

We will try to explain as simply as possible the complicated mechanism of balances and imbalances at the basis of a fundamental event to allow us women the conception of a child: ovulation.

Ovulation is the instant in which a follicle matures in one of the two ovaries, freeing the egg cell that is picked up from the fallopian tube. If the fallopian tubes are ready to waiting for sperm, could take place conception and that the union of the egg cell with the “chosen” spermatozoon to form a zygote, the starting point of a new individual who will be out nine months later.

Ovulation is preceded by a series of hormonal events (the pre-ovulatory phase) which are reflected in very specific symptoms and that we can easily experience: changes in the cervical mucus, vulvar softness, sign of the lymph node (in the groin on the same side on which you are ovulating, it should be noted an enlarged lymph node).

Ovulation is regulated in the brain by the hypothalamus-pituitary axis. It is from there that the messengers (hormones FSH and LH) that act at the level of the ovaries leave. The ovaries in their turn also produce hormones that regulate in the production of hormones by the anterior pituitary, the production of mucus and endometrial maturation. In fact, estrogen stimulates endometrial cells to reproduce until the restoration of the structure that had been cleaved with menstruation, but will then progesterone to make the hospitable uterus for a pregnancy.

At the level of the cervix the increased estrogen determines the fluid mucus production (rich in water) on the part of the crypts of the cervix. This mucus allows for an easier passage of sperm. These are the days preceding ovulation and when estrogen is high; they represent the most fertile days of the cycle. These days the mucus is also visible at the vulva. On the physiology level, you should feel a sensation of being exrta wet / lubricated.

Menstruation occurs because of a drop in estrogen and progesterone. This drop is then implemented at the pituitary level due to an increase in production of FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) which is to stimulate the ovarian follicles. About ten follicles each month begin to mature, the follicle cells multiply and produce estrogen. As a result the level of estrogen gradually increases in the blood stream of the woman. An increase of estrogen in the blood causes the pituitary to reduce production of FSH. By reducing the circulating FSH the dominant follicle is selected (the one that then will release the egg cell) which will enlarge further and produce more estrogen. All other follicles degenerate. At this point we are at about the 5th or 6th day of the menstrual cycle (for 28 days cycles).

The dominant follicle continues to grow and produce estrogen. Around the 12th and 13th day of the menstrual cycle, the level of estrogen in the blood is very high and this is picked up by the pituitary which begins to send a new messenger: the LH hormone (that is detected by ovulation stick) .

LH (luteinizing hormone) is the hormone that causes rupture of the follicle and then the release of the egg ready to be fertilized. This is the time of ovulation. The egg remains fertilizable for up to 24 hours and then degenerates. The LH acts on the follicle further broken out to turn it into the corpus luteum which in turn produces estrogen and progesterone (progesterone is responsible for the product of the rise of basal temperature that comes recorded the day after ovulation) that prepares the uterus for pregnancy.

Ovulation cannot be predicted too early. So why all these calculations? Because in regular cycles you can have a first reference of when you should ovulate but then ovulation should be checked by signs and symptoms that send our body, the primary source of information for reliable news about when our ovulation occurs.

Fertility specialists at My Canadian Pharmacy are often asked if you can ovulate again days or weeks apart in the same menstrual cycle (menstrual cycle means the days that pass between a menstruation and the other). The answer is NO. They can produce more egg cells (responsible for the conception of different twins / heterozygotes) but not at the same ovulatory process, not after several days.

If you notice mucous discharge at different times of the menstrual cycle, those might not at all be linked to ovulation (and perhaps they are due to an infection) or may be the first time that you notice an attempt of ovulation has not been successful for some reason (stress, flu, drugs are the usual culprits) and the second and last time instead of discharge related to their menstrual cycle ovulation.

Another commonly asked question is whether fertilization can occur because of the remaining sperm that has been around since the last intercourse? Yes, after an intercourse sperm can survive for up to a maximum of 3-5 days. In the post-ovulatory week and about a week before ovulation, the cervix is ​​impenetrable to sperm because of a mucous plug that blocks the passage and sperm derived from intercourse you had in this period are dying because of a vaginal environment unfavorable to them.

Going to ovulation the mucous plug melts through the work of estrogen and the cervix begins to be patent. In these conditions, sperm can “dwell” in the cervical crypts level before being released at a slow pace in the uterus and the fallopian tubes. Therefore conception could also be possible with relations occurred, for example, five days before ovulation.

For the Future Dad

Together with the future mom, correct your diet, stop smoking and drinking hard liquor. You might want to do some reading on what awaits you and the mother of your future child in the coming months in order to come fully prepared when you finally get the terrific news.

What to Check with Your Doctor

If you are planning a pregnancy, it is recommended to perform a pre-conception examination to rule out the presence of hereditary diseases or other problems. These tests are covered by majority of insurance programs and are used to verify that there are the conditions to get pregnant and there are no situations of risk for the mother or baby. Among these it is important to evaluate for example if the mother is receptive or not to toxoplasmosis or whether she already had measles or been vaccinated. Rubella is dangerous if it occurs in pregnancy. All these exams can be request from your primary care physician.

Below is the list of pre-conception tests we suggest you should take:

    1. Specialized services for women. Pre-conception gynecological counseling
  • Antibody test (indirect Coombs test): in case of risk of isoimmunization
  • Rubella virus antibody (IgG, IgM)
  • Toxoplasma antibody (E.I.A.) (IgG, IgM)
  • Blood count: Hb, GR, GB, HCT, PLT, IND. LEAD., F. L
  • Erythrocyte osmotic fragility: in case of reduction in the average cell volume, and morphological changes of erythrocytes
  • Abnormal hemoglobin (Hb, HbD, HbH, etc.): In case of reduction in the average cell volume, and morphological changes of erythrocytes, for insstance. cytological cervico vaginal (PAP test)
    1. Laboratory tests for man
  • Blood count: Hb, GR, GB, HCT, PLT, IND. LEAD., F. L.: in case of woman with heterozygous phenotype for hemoglobinopathies
  • Erythrocyte osmotic fragility: in case of woman with heterozygous phenotype for hemoglobinopathies
  • Abnormal hemoglobin (Hb, HbD, HbH, etc.): In case of woman with heterozygous phenotype for hemoglobinopathies
    1. Laboratory tests for the couple
  • The human immunodeficiency virus [HIV 1-2] antibody H
  • Blood group ABO and Rh (D)
  • Treponema pallidum antibody (search quantity. By emoagglutin. Passive) [TPHA] treponema pallidum anti cardiolipin (flocculation) [VDRL] [RPR]
    1. In the case of repeated miscarriage or pre-existing conditions of pregnancy with perinatal death and prescription of gynecologist specialist or geneticist:
  • Genetic counseling
  • Introvaginal ultrasound
  • Hysteroscopy: biopsy with dilatation of the cervical canal
  • Biopsy of uterine body: Endoscopic Biopsy (hysteroscopy) endometrial
  • Lupus-like anticoagulant (LAC)
  • Anti cardiolipin (IgG, IgA, IgM)
  • Anti microsomes (AbTMS), or thyroid peroxidase (AbTPO)
  • Anti thyroglobulin (ABTG)
  • Karyotype of lymphocyte metaphases 1 banding technique (resolution no less than 320 bands) of both partners in the couple

Obviously given the gratuity of the examinations and the importance of a conscious conception and preconception health, My Canadian Pharmacy experts strongly recommend to all couples who want a child to take these tests.

Other Useful Tips

If your intention is to have a baby, quitting smoking, abstaining from alcohol and drug use (obviously, excluding any form of recreational drug and substance abuse for both partners is crucial), starting taking folic acid are important steps on your way for the good of the developing fetus.

Folic acid can be found in green leafy vegetables, fruits, legumes and cereals. When possible, make choices in favor of raw foods because cooking makes you lose a good portion of folic acid.

A healthy lifestyle is important to decrease the chances of pregnancy complications and ensure the health of the unborn child. The health of the baby, let us remind you, begins even before conception!

Your Pregnancy. Week 2.

What Happens to Your Body

During the second week of pregnancy the inside wall of your uterus, the endometrium, is preparing to receive the fertilized egg. Soon there will be ovulation, then its size increases in thickness.

Everything is finely regulated at hormonal level. The main hormones involved in ovulation mechanism are FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone) which act on the ovaries which in turn produce estrogen before ovulation and estrogen and progesterone after ovulation.

The LH hormone has a peak a few hours before ovulation and that is what is found in the municipalities of ovulation test. Estrogen affect the endometrium (to increase the thickness) and the cervix to dictate the timing of the cervical mucus discharge.

The mature follicle at ovulation releases the egg cell that begins to travel the fallopian tube toward the uterus. If the egg meets the sperm, fertilization can occur. An egg is approximately 150 microns in size and the sperm is even smaller. On condition of fertile cervical mucus spermatozoons survive in the cervix for 3-5 days. The egg cell once issued remains fertilizable only 12-24 hours before it degenerates.

The union of the male and female gametes result in zygote that already contains all your baby’s features. Both mom and dad give their share of chromosomes, 46 in the totality. These chromosomes contain genes that give the characteristics to your child, such as gender, skin color, eyes, height, and personality.

For the Future Dad

Did you know that wearing boxers increases sperm count? When you, contrarily, choose to wear underwear or pants too tight, it has a negative effect on sperm production. The fact that the testicles are outside the body can be accounted for by the necessity to have a temperature lower than 37 degrees and therefore optimal for the production of sperm. Taking a bath that is too hot, being exposed to high summer temperatures or wearing tight clothing, as well as having laptop in your lap over extended periods of time makes for an increase in temperature, which inhibits the production of sperm.

What to Check with Your Doctor

If you still have not done the pre-conception tests hurry up to timely become aware of any illnesses, deficiencies or problems.

Other Useful Tips

In addition to following a healthy diet, keep doing exercise without going for an overstretch. Opt for long walks, breathing fresh air and relaxing, or maybe doing yoga. It is advisable to start with gentle exercise or yoga because the body is in a phase of change, and these activities will facilitate adaptation.

My Canadian Pharmacy suggests this exercising routine which is best done in the morning:

Lie down on the mat, with open arms, legs bent and breathe only through your nose slowly. Eliminate the natural curvature of the back by pulling your feet to the buttocks. Bring your knees toward your chest and hold this position for 3 breaths. Now your legs on the side of the floor, stretching all the muscles well. At the same time, turn the head to the opposite side. Return to the initial position and repeat on the other side.

Your Pregnancy. Week 3

Woman looking at pregnancy test

What Happens to Your Body

The third week of pregnancy (ranging from 0 to 2 + 2 + 6 starting to count from the first day of menses) is the period in which ovulation occurs (and therefore conception) and the first moments of embryo development.

Ovulation is generally recognized because it is preceded by the cervical mucus discharge with very specific characteristics. In fact, close to ovulation the mucus is very similar to the white of egg which is very runny and is accompanied by a sensation of wetness in the vagina. Not all women are able to observe the cervical mucus but the wet sensation, which is very similar to that which we feel during menstruation, it should be recognized during the fertile days.

Once the ovulation is over (theoretically, in a 28 day cycle it occurs at the beginning of the third week of pregnancy), we cease to notice mucus and having a wet feeling in the vagina. Instead, there returns the normal feeling of regular vaginal discharge, the same that characterizes the period preceding the fertile days.

Between 5 and 8 days after ovulation woman may notice a slight loss of blood which indicates that the nidation (implantation) has successfully occured. These losses are also known as facility losses. Do not worry about this loss and not to confuse it with an abnormal menstruation. Not all women observe it, very often the embryo implantation is asymptomatic. With the nidation HCG beta begins to be produced, transforming the corpus luteum into corpus luteum gravidarum, thus preventing menstruation. At the same time an embryo immunological protection is activated so that it is not recognized as “foreign” by the mother.

The Development of the Child

The conception occurs around the 14th day in a regular cycle of 28 days with a luteal phase of 14 days. In the time of ovulation the egg cell is released from the ovary. Waiting for it, there are spermatozoa that have passed a long journey to be ready for the ‘appointment’. But only one will merge with the egg cell to form the zygote at conception.

6-8 days after fertilization occurs nesting in the thickness of the uterine wall which in the meantime had thickened and enriched with vases thanks to the action of estrogen before, and then progesterone.

At this stage and up to 9-12 weeks of pregnancy, it would be more correct to speak of the embryo, even in the first 14 days after conception (and then to the end of the fourth week of pregnancy) though according to the World Health Organization the more exact term is pre-embryonic stage. This is because the initial zygote could in this time interval divide to give rise to homozygous twins (identical).

Cell division begins immediately after fertilization and continues throughout the journey to the uterus. The embryo arrives in the uterus in the form of morula and implantation takes place within 72 hours.

For the Future Dad

Right now it is still early to make any assumptions, so after finishing the “Marathon of fertile days” try to distract yourself and think of something else so that the two weeks that separate you from the possible tests are not characterized by anxiety and stress. In any case it is useful to continue to follow the new healthier lifestyle adopted at the time of the decision to have a child.

What to Check with Your Doctor

If you have not yet taken the necessary tests referred to in Week 1, it would be appropriate to carry out the pre-conception testing and start taking folic acid.

Other Important Tips

Have you decided yet if you want to take part in a maternity care program? It is about time to gather some information on the options available. The midwife must be a trained professional who will give you a feeling of security and confidence. Make an appointment with each candidate to make a better informed choice.

Midwife is the healthcare professional whose range of services is to assist and advise the women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period and takes on the responsibility during labor and childbirth as well as the new-born care.

Your Pregnancy. Week 4

At the end of this week if you do not get the menstrual bleeding, it is the first symptom of a pregnancy began. The fourth week of pregnancy begins and ends 3 + 0 3 + 6 (starting from the date of last menstrual period). Starting from week 8 we will talk about embryo. In this period the embryo undergoes an extraordinary development process that will take him from being simply a collection of cells to a fully formed fetus.

The Development of the Child

We can use the term embryo when it nestles at the blastocyst stage. The implantation in the uterus takes place between the third to fourth week of pregnancy and may be accompanied by very specific symptoms as we explained in the previous week description.

The blastocyst at the time the plant has a single outer layer of trophoblast cells that form (which will form the chorion and placenta), an internal cavity inside (blastocoel) that disappears soon after entering vagina, and an inner cell mass that will become the embryo. While the trophoblast penetrates the endometrium, the mass of cells to the embryonic disc. It was the beginning of gastrulation (the process that gives rise to the germ layers). It ‘a succession of cell divisions and cell migration, which differ both structurally and functionally. Thus forming the three germ called endoderm, ectoderm and ectoderm which later give rise each in a specific type of organs. From the embryonic disc they are also formed of the extraembryonic membranes which are represented by the chorion (outer membrane that encloses the entire embryo) and the amnion (the inner membrane than the corium that encloses the amniotic cavity containing the amniotic fluid that will protect the embryo until birth) the allantois: it plays an important role in the formation of the umbilical blood stream. The yolk sac contains substances support and nourishment to the embryo. It serves for the temporary production of blood cells.

At the end of the fourth week and the beginning of the fifth we are in this situation: as you can understand it is a very complex differentiation process that occurs in a matter of a few days and is irreversible. This means that once the cell has acquired a particular function and position, it can no longer change. From the three germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm) there will originate the various organs:

From ectoderm: nervous tissue, skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, tooth enamel).

From mesoderm: the skeleton, muscles, connective tissue, cardiovascular system, renal system.

From endoderm: lining epithelium and glandular digestive tract, liver, biliary tract and pancreas, respiratory tract, bladder, urethra and prostate, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus. Germ cell lines of oocytes and sperm.

What Happens to Your Body

If you are thorns, and would you do a pregnancy test right away, but you hold back so as not to be too hasty. Am I pregnant or am I not? It’s the question that haunts all women in these moments. And every sign of the body seems to be a symptom of pregnancy. It almost feels like all of your senses are on alert to find a new sign that will tell you that you are pregnant.

It is desirable that you do a dose of beta HCG hormone in the blood that is reliable from 11-12 days after conception. But usually we recommend waiting at least the first day of delay of menses not to be too hasty. If it is negative, do not worry. Try again after 2-3 days if the meantime menstruation does not always with the urine of early morning. The test is positive? Congratulations, you are pregnant!

You will begin to experience a feeling of tiredness, the breast is tense and turgid, you feel the urge to urinate frequently, you will have mild nausea. Other disorders include increased salivation, taste changes and increased vaginal secretions.

For the Future Dad

There is nothing more beautiful than to be close to your partner when you do the test, both to comfort her if negative, is to rejoice together if positive. The moment is unforgettable!

Other Useful Tips

Natural Remedy for nausea:

This is a very annoying scene, but do not worry if simple introduction of liquids or food to your mouth makes you feel this way. Try to take long walks outdoors, to fragment meals in smaller portions, making savory and dry snacks, avoid foods that too spicy or fatty.

A great help is to do the acupuncture and neck treatment. Choose relaxation exercises for the shoulders and neck. Alternatively, you could try chewing ginger which is known to have beneficial effects on nausea. You could also take Bryonia, 7CH 5 granules from 1 to 3 times a day.

Your Pregnancy. Week 5

Couple at doctor

The fifth week of pregnancy begins at 4 + 0 and ends at 4 + 6 (starting from the date of last menstrual period had)

What Happens to Your Body

You will feel more beautiful, your eyes are clearer because it increases the tear fluid, your most shining and healthy hair because it decreases the production of sebum on the scalp. If during the earlier stages of your pregnancy you lose some weight due to nausea, do not worry. Fatigue is very prominent because your body is working day and night to welcome and nurture your baby in the best way. In addition to fatigue and drowsiness, you have no visible changes, but you’ll feel a greater amount of vaginal discharge and vaginal secretions.

What Happens to the Baby

It’s been more than two weeks from conception and the embryonic and extra germ layers that we learned about in the previous week continue to differentiate. In the fifth week of pregnancy the embryo gradually takes shape. Think of it as a building site in fibrillation. The most important organs are all developing.

They differ in the neural tube and neural crest. It begins to outline the heart, bloodstream and also the first tracks from which eyes and ears will later originate. At the end of the fifth week, the blood will begin to circulate. The corium continues to increase in the endometrium producing chorionic villi that identify the region where they form the placenta that is taking shape. The embryo grows very rapidly and also the external features begin to take shape. It is difficult to speak of measures at this stage. The length parameters will be discussed starting at 7-8 weeks of pregnancy.

For the Future Dad

There is nothing more beautiful than to be close to your partner when you do the test, both to comfort her if negative, and to rejoice together if positive. The moment is unforgettable! Maybe you are torn between choosing to tell everyone that you will become father or waiting a bit instead before spreading the good news.

As well as for your partner, this is a transition period where you do not feel pregnant yet… you do not hear anything. Experiencing pregnancy as a future father is not always easy even if it was so desired. The important thing is to talk to your partner about what you feel and try to experience all these moments with her.

Other Useful Tips

Get used to make a good breakfast, so that you are able to have enough energy throughout the day:

1st rule: take time to eat breakfast, wake up earlier and sit quietly and conveniently. Chew slowly.

2nd rule: make all the necessary preparations with clothes and handbag already the night before, so that you have no excuses to eat in a hurry.

3rd rule: while you eat you can arrange your schedule with daily tasks or read a newspaper.

4th rule: chat with your partner

5th rule: put on the table jam, yogurt, fruit, cereals and bread. Nothing packaged as snacks.

Your Pregnancy. Week 6

Pregnant woman

The sixth week of pregnancy is 5 + 0 5 + 6 (starting from the date of your last period).

What Happens to Your Body

Hormones begin to make bad jokes. Surely one of the most present symptoms is fatigue. You may join either the club of mothers who feel very well and sometimes forget to be pregnant because pregnancy is not by particular signals, or those who instead have nausea, headaches, mood swings, feel sore breasts and have cravings.

As regards nausea, this is one of the typical symptoms of pregnancy and occurs because the hormone HCG beta values ​​is very high and affects digestion.

Breast become more sensitive and feel fuller because the hormones of pregnancy stimulate the mammary glands. You may notice the most obvious breast veins under the skin because the blood supply to this area increases. The nipples may become more prominent and in some cases take on a darker color.

The Development of the Child

The embryo assumes a C-shape, folded back on itself and stand out a head and a tail. It is the size of a coffee bean while the appearance is more reminiscent of that of a small tadpole.

The heart (which initially has only two cavities) starts beating approximately 22 days after conception, and only two days after connecting to the vascular network. It gradually acquires a regular rhythm.

The 24th day after conception closes the neural tube that connects the brain and spinal cord. In addition to the brain and the heart is forming the digestive system, liver, kidneys, pancreas, and also what will become ovaries or testes are taking shape. It also develops the notochord which is the first outline of a skeleton and which will become the spine.

The face begins to take shape, there are some darker spots in correspondence nose, eyes and ears. During this period there begin to form arms and legs. At 6 weeks of pregnancy, the embryo begins to make his first movements are very slow and it is impossible for the mother to feel. The brain is developing and its activity could be monitored using an electroencephalogram (EEG).

For the Future Dad

During these days it is difficult to see your partner who suffers from nausea and headaches. Always try to ask if she needs help. Sometimes it is useful to be just there at the ready with a wet cloth to cool the face and neck. Or you can get up at night if she needs a snack. You must also understand her mood swings that may be quite frequent! It can happen that you get the blame for everything, do not take it and you’ll see that this time will pass quickly.

What to Check with Your Doctor

You can perform the first ultrasound, to be more specific, obstetric ultrasonography during which you will be able to see the gestational sac and a beautiful dot, your baby. During these days it is advisable to carry out the dosage of beta on the blood so as to assess the positive evolution of the pregnancy.

Other Useful Tips

Breast tension may bother you during the night, we suggest you wear a sports bra or nothing. With fatigue and sleepiness, we recommend you use the red bean diet that improves your metabolism revving. Try to continue to live a peaceful and regular life: if you can, rest two hours in the afternoon.

If you want to try homeopathic remedies, it is recommended taking Melatonin 4Ch 10 drops in the evening, Ignazia Heel 1 tablet three times a day or Anti Age Jet 3 granules morning and evening. The secret of wellness is in balancing off the right things: rest and work.

Your Pregnancy. Week 7

Pregnant woman at doctor

The seventh week of pregnancy ranges from 0 to 6 + 6 + 6 (starting from the date of your last period)

What Happens to Your Body

During the seventh week of pregnancy your body can begin to change externally. Some women in this period gain fat tissue while others lose weight because of nausea. It accentuates the feeling of swelling, urination is frequent, you will have some problems with constipation and bad for your lower back.

To reduce these ailments, you can follow a few tips:

For bloating: fennel seeds, cardamom, cumin and star anise to take it as tea. Take light and frequent meals. Nibble on nuts. Fractionate meals, chew slowly. Avoid coffee and alcohol.

Frequent urination: You should drink as much water as possible, contradictory as it sounds, but since pregnancy increases the risk of urinary infections, by doing so you make sure that there is always a recycling and never a stagnation of urine.

Constipation: Eat foods containing fiber, drink a lot and never restrain yourself when you need to evacuate the bowels. Eat fruit and dried fruit (plums, baked apples). Do not eat standing, avoid salty foods, limit the milk and dairy products that alter intestinal motility. Drink a teaspoon of olive oil before meals.

Back pain: Yoga, gymnastics, hot application on the painful part, and a massage with his knuckles. Get used to comfortable flat or low-heel shoes.

Nausea: Opt for foods like breadsticks, bread, boiled potatoes or baked, lean meat, fish, biscuits, jam or honey.

You may become very sensitive to smells, and you might experience an annoying metallic taste in the mouth. Almost similar to what you felt as a child when you wore braces on her teeth.

Some Interesting Facts

Before pregnancy only about 2% of the total blood flow reached the uterus. Towards the end of the first trimester of pregnancy this percentage will soar to 25%.

Before pregnancy a woman has on average 5.5 liters of blood into the circulation which will increase up to 7 liters. This causes a rise in circulating blood hemodilution which is evident in a blood test in which there may be a physiological anemia.

This means that you might find in a blood test values ​​lower than reference.

It also increases the heart rate of about 8-16 beats per minute and blood pressure may fall by around 10-20 mm / Hg.

The Development of the Child

The embryo measures between 7 and 9 mm (6 weeks on average the length of the tail head is 4-5 mm) and weighs less than a peppermint. It has a shape reminiscent of a bean but in fact how many of us would refer to the baby as simply “bean” after seeing the first ultrasound? Within the next 4 weeks it will, however, quadruple in size.

At this time, the nostrils and lips begin to be seen. Inside the mouth the tongue and teeth begin to outline. There are four chambers of the heart now. The outlines of limbs acquire hands and feet which are most evident.

There are already outlines of the sexual organs but it is not yet possible to determine whether it will be male or female through ultrasound. The eyes are moving toward the front of the face. Continuous training and development of all major organs is happening.

The baby is already very active, it moves the little arms and legs. However it is still too small and you can not feel it move. You will be able to hear it from 16 -18 week though at first pregnancy you may feel movements just around the twentieth week.

The umbilical cord is being formed by yolk sac and allantois to replace the yolk sac itself as a source of nutrients for the embryo. It is attached to the placenta, important organ that arises as a filter between the mother and the child.

For the Future Dad

Let’s talk about sex, perhaps you both feel hesitant at this time: you do not know how to behave. Sexual intercourses during pregnancy are not prohibited (unless there are no special contraindications and problems) but everything is in the name of the delicacy. Your partner will generally have an increased desire in the second quarter. Discuss your doubts, you desires and fears. Always ask during the first visit to the gynecologist if there are contraindications to sexual activity.

What to Check with Your Doctor

Have you found your midwife yet? It’s time to do it and to fix a first appointment! The experience and reputation of the midwife is very important because you have to feel secure and calm entrusting yourself to her care. In addition, this will give you a more simple and serene pregnancy.

Other Useful Tips

Especially at the beginning, pregnancy tends to complicate constipation especially in those women who were already predisposed to them, because physiologically there occurs a loosening of the intestinal motility. What can you do? Eat more fruits, vegetables and bran to avoid laxatives. Moreover, the presence of hormones can cause you skin impurities. Try this natural scrub:

Ingredients:

  • 3 handfuls of table salt
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • Lavender essential oil

Mix everything in a glass jar and use what you get as a body scrub. After rinsing the skin will be soft, bright and beautifully fragrant.

Your Pregnancy. Week 8

The eighth week of pregnancy ranges from 0 to 7 + 7 + 6 (starting from the date of your last period)

What Happens to Your Body

If you have not yet made the first ultrasound remember to make an appointment for a check from now and within 11-12 weeks.

Your uterus is now the size of an orange. The blood volume increases by about 40-50%. Your breasts for this increase of blood to the areola becomes darker level and highlight the veins under the skin, also becomes softer and sensitive to the touch. Areola will highlight the white dots that are the Montgomery tubercles, of small glands and in some cases can lose the yellow liquid. You can also hear the small uterine contractions If you are with your second child will notice a rounding of the hips, that’s because you’ve already given birth and your muscles and ligaments give way more easily. You may feel warmer than usual to increase your body metabolism. Probably even urination is more frequent as your kidneys filter blood more efficiently.

What Happens to the Baby

An ultrasound eighth week of pregnancy makes you see the embryo as a small astronaut floating in space! At this juncture it has the size of a peanut (8-11 mm) and weighing less than one gram. That sort of tail that the fetus had in the first weeks of life has disappeared by now.

It is still too little to feel its movements. You’ll have to wait for some real kick, until the 20th week if you are at your first child, or two and three weeks at least if you are with your second. The embryo begins to develop the testicles or ovaries, so prepare yourself that soon (not before 14 weeks of pregnancy, however) you’ll know if it’s a boy or a girl.

The heart is pumping efficiently and you can see small blood vessels under the thin skin. The lungs are in the making. Thin skin also reveals the dense network of vessels surrounding the brain. The head is huge compared to the rest of the body. The eyes are covered by a layer of skin which then will open to form the eyelids. They already contain colored pigments. The ears have not yet taken their final place and are not yet fully formed even if within the next week both the eyes and the auditory system will undergo major changes. in the language they are forming the taste buds.

The skeleton begins to ossify. The fingers of the hands and feet are most evident although still seem small fins, limbs stretch and notice elbows and knees.

This period of development is very gentle on the embryo and therefore it is important that the mother adopts a lifestyle that is not going to interfere with the embryo’s health. It is therefore important to be careful not to be infected by pathogens that can affect normal development (see toxoplasmosis or cytomegalovirus, for example). They should also avoid drugs, alcohol and smoking.

For the Future Dad

Looking for a way to help her? Tiredness in the first trimester is so great. So any initiative that raises the most demanding tasks is welcome! Make sure that you rest as much as possible and take up the tasks that you can pretty much do you.

Other Useful Tips

Are you familiar with rebozo? It’s a Mexican shawl and is used by the native of the place as an ornament on apparel. The rebozo is given as a gift to the girls to protect from the sun and wind, once they become women they use it instead to bring their children or for a relaxing massage. You can look for a massage course with rebozo to feel pampered and cocooned in this beautiful shawl with its oscillations that will relax you to the point of falling asleep.

What to Check with Your Doctor

It is time for the first visit your midwife. Generally it is fixed after the lack of two consecutive menstrual cycles in order to avoid false pregnancies and miscarriages that occur in the first weeks. During this visit the midwife creates your personal folder, which will accompany you throughout your pregnancy, and shows you which examinations prescribed by your primary care physician (blood count, iron, blood sugar, urine screens, receptivity to diseases such as rubella and toxoplasmosis, etc.).

This is also a good time to ask any questions that midwife will clarify all your doubts. Once confirmed the pregnancy and the receptivity to toxoplasmosis is good to follow some strict hygiene standards to avoid being infected by this dangerous disease for normal fetal development. Talk to the midwife of a possible amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling.

Your Pregnancy. Week 9

The ninth week of pregnancy lasts from 0 to 8 + 8 + 6 (starting from the date of your last period).

What Happens to Your Body

Raise a child within yourself is a challenging task. Feeling tired is one of the first symptoms of pregnancy. Take advantage of breaks to take some much-needed rest during this period! Your breasts are enlarging, and it can be painful. The advice is to wear comfortable bras but that will however be able to provide you with good weight support.

You might have dizziness or fainting spells. In these cases be sure to always walk near supports such as rails and not move abruptly from one position to another (for example, by sitting in feet, from lying to sitting, etc.) to reduce the possibility of acute pressure drops.

It is possible to have a stuffy nose and sometimes nasal bleeding. This too is normal during pregnancy. Nasal congestion and the nosebleeds are fairly common during pregnancy. A remedy that you can try is to use a vaporizer or humidifier in the room where you are staying to try to reduce these symptoms.

The week you can not warn of uterus cramps, which should not be a matter of concern to you unless they are accompanied by severe pain and blood. You probably have developed this tendency to respond to every minor distress with tears. Blame the hormones! Physically there may not be observed any obvious difference (apart from the breast swelling). The belly is still not seen even though it might be time to start using the next hole in your belt.

The Development of the Child

This week marks the end of the embryonic period. Starting from the it will be referred to more precisely as the fetus and no more as the embryo. It measures about 13-17 mm and weighs approximately 1 gram (the weight of a paper clip for instance). Now your child is really a human, a tiny little human. The reproductive organs have become testes for males and ovaries for females but they are not yet recognizable by ultrasound. At this stage there are forming the hair follicles and nipples.

The muscle movements continue reflexively, fingers and toes are taking shape, and the embryo may start to throw punches and move his thumb to his mouth to suck on it. The heart valves are being formed, the retina and the nasal tip become visible. The main organs are in constant development. The eyelids are also being formed but they will remain closed until the 28th week.

The blood begins to circulate through the umbilical cord between the embryo and the membranes attached to the uterus, and the placenta begins to perform its function. Estrogen and progesterone are also being produced, which regulates most of the changes that occur during pregnancy. Before the placenta begins to function at full capacity all is needed to embryo growth is secreted by the glands of the uterine lining.

For the Future Dad

If your partner starts to cry at the mall (or anywhere else), and for no apparent reason, do not worry: it is normal! It is nothing but the effects of pregnancy hormones, the same ones that make her sometimes incredibly irritable. Be patient, and you will see to the relief of both of you that in a bit she will start to feel better and mood swings will subside.

In your head probably you have many questions. Particularly if you’re about to become a dad for the first time. Will be a good father? Will I be able to educate my child in the best way? Would I make the mistakes of my parents? Will I succeed? How am I going to dedicate myself to the baby if I also have work, hobbies and friends to attend to?

It’s too early to seek answers at this time and especially a son is forever, so there will be no way to experience, learn, change with it as it grows. The needs of a 6-month-old baby are completely different from those of a 3 year old and not only the needs, but also the relationships with the parents will not stay the same during the time your child is in your custody.

Other Useful Tips

It’s time to give notice to your employer and think if the place where you work is safe and healthy for you and the baby. The type of job, products used or the same environment may not be fully compatible with pregnancy, informed by your gynecologist. Among your rights you are to be assigned to a different job, if necessary, discuss the options with the employer.

If you have a family predisposition to varicose veins, because the increased blood supply in circulation, avoid excessive use of salt in condiments, it takes long walks to activate the circulation and choose sports such as swimming. Ask your midwife to teach you the lymphatic drainage massage and those little exercises to activate circulation in the legs and facilitate the return of the venous blood.

Some mothers suffer from constipation, in this case follow a diet rich in fiber and perform exercises regularly. Have you ever heard of the pelvic floor? It is a set of muscles connected to the pelvis that support the internal organs. We never use these muscles consciously, but they are very important especially in the post-pregnancy. Do you think there are special exercises, called Kegel exercises, to reinforce them. Ask your midwife to teach you to identify them or attended a course together with other pregnant women. Aromatherapy, acupuncture, homeopathy are all remedies that can be used without harm to your child.

What to Check with Your Doctor

Make an appointment with the dentist: pregnancy can have negative effects on the health of the teeth, as it increases the number of cavities and gingivitis. Brush your teeth more often, you should do so during 20 minutes after each meal, not before. Use a fluoride toothpaste and floss.

If you are over 35 or have family members of genetic diseases earlier, you can expect from the choice of the tests to be performed between the 9th and 12th week, to detect chromosomal abnormalities and genetic disorders.

Your Pregnancy. Week 10

The tenth week of pregnancy ranges from 0 to 9 + 9 + 6 (starting from the date of your last period).

What Happens to Your Body

Slowly the waist begins to disappear and in a little while a small bump in your belly will become visible. You may still feel tired but the morning sickness should begin to give you a little break. There may appear as dark spots on the face, due to the effects of hormones. The circulating blood volume increases by 40-50%, and therefore begin to see the veins on the breast that is on the belly, as well as on the legs. It’s a normal occurrence that tends to disappear after delivery. You may feel more thirsty than usual just because the body requires more liquids. The hands and feet will seem warmer and this is always due to the increase of circulating blood.

The Development of the Child

Since today we are officially enters the fetal period that will last until the birth. The brain of the fetus has grown so much that the head is still much larger than the body. The facial features are now well defined and there start to form the ears. The legs are stretching and the hips and wrists have formed. At this gestational age thery would be able to grasp an object, if it were put in hand, the more it grows the more it becomes sensitive to touch.

The heart beats at about 180 beats per minute –  practically double the speed of that of an adult. The external genitalia have yet to appear and may become visible from the 11th week. If your baby is a boy, the testes produce testosterone already. It moves a lot but is still too small and therefore you cannot feel the movements just yet. The eyelids are merging and will remain that way until the 28th week or so. It weighs about 2 grams, and its head-end back length is about 2.3 cm. It has grown tenfold after the ovum has been fertilized at conception.

For the Future Dad

Are you starting to worry because of so many unanswered questions swirling in your head? It’s normal that future dads have their concerns, the important thing is to try to stay calm and rationalize the situation to avoid unnecessary discussions with your partner. Although it is traditionally the mother that comes first, do not forget about yourself. Take care of yourself, do not feel guilty to choose an all-male evening. Even dads need their own space and a certain amount of time off.

Other Useful Tips

Are you familiar with perineum? The perineum is the muscle that supports our uterus, bladder and rectum. It is formed by 3 muscle bands that intertwine with each other and close the bottom of the basin. We must learn to take care of it, moving it, exercising it with the exercises and posture.

Register for a course on the rehabilitation of the perineum: you will learn many simple exercises and listening to it with breathing. It is essential to facilitate the expansion and avoid a tear or episiotomy at delivery.

Here are some easy but effective exercises for the perineum suggested by My Canadian Pharmacy gynecologists:

Get on all fours

At inhalation you need to do to suck in the belly and close the vagina.

At exhalation, you have to relax the abdomen and open the vagina.

It is important to continue with this exercise every day, helping you with breathing.

What to Check with Your Doctor

Make regular visits to your midwife so that she can clarify all the doubts and dispel all fears. This will help you to be less fearful and anxious and appreciate your pregnancy and the idea of ​​the child who will be soon born.

Your Pregnancy. Week 11

Pregnant woman sitting on a sofa

The eleventh week of pregnancy ranges from 10 + 0 to 10 + 6 (starting from the date of your last period).

What Happens to Your Body

At this stage you finally begin to feel better. If your hair is getting longer in a hurry and your nails grow quickly know that it is a normal phenomenon, and depends from increased circulation and hormonal changes. If you are feeling flushed, or have excessive salivation or thirst spells, report it to your midwife, together you will find the correct way to soften these symptoms.

The now uterus has the size of a grapefruit and begins to be noticed as it is grown outside of its basin. Probably you have not gained weight yet or you even gone down in weight if you suffer from nausea, vomiting and heartburn. Some doctors believe that the optimal growth of the first quarter of about 2.5 kg. But as we know every pregnancy has a story in itself, and so it’s no wonder that goes down instead of growing.

If you continue to lose weight because of sickness probably you lose your appetite because you might find the smell of certain foods revolting at this stage. Always remembered and take care of both you and your baby supplying both of you with the correct amount of energy sources. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and hire folic acid and vitamins that you’ll probably be prescribed by your doctor. And of course do not forget to rest!

The Development of the Child

All vital organs (brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, intestines) are formed and begin to perform their function. The most critical part of fetal development has now been completed and the rest of the pregnancy is all used for the continued rapid growth and maturation of all organs, to be ready at delivery.

A 10 completed weeks the fetus measures about 3 cm from the head to the end of the back, and weighs about 4 grams. Its legs could fit on the nail of an adult! The head occupies almost half the length of the body, the eyelids are now completely merged and are developing the irises. The outer ear is almost completely formed even if the hearing is not yet fully functioning.

The blood vessels of the placenta, companion of your child’s trip, increase and provide your little one with nutrients and oxygen needed. The diaphragm of your child is developed and may have hiccups, but you probably will not perceive its movements as it is still too small. The baby can open and close its mouth and yawn. It grows so fast that at the end of this week it will almost doubled its length.

For the Future Dad

Try to include yourself to gynecological visits or meetings of the pre-natal classes. It ‘a way to feel part of the pregnancy. If you have work obligations keep you busy, try to fix the visits in the evening or on Saturdays.

Other Useful Tips

The pregnant woman needs a higher intake and better balanced calcium, iron and magnesium supply. Magnesium can be derived from almonds, it only takes 7 to 20 a day. You can source it from millet, lentils, nuts and whole wheat bread.  Calcium is important for the development of the skeletal system of the child and to support the correct posture of the mother. It is contained in nuts, almonds, dried figs, vegetables, fish and sesame seeds. The absorption of calcium is favored by vitamin D that you get being in the sun for at least 10 minutes a day. The iron hand is contained in nuts, sunflower seeds, parsley, whole wheat bread and apples.

What to Check with Your Doctor

We should run from 11 weeks to 20 weeks ultrasound in order to evaluate how you are developing your child, gestational age, size. From the 11th to the 14th week, you can decide whether to perform nuchal translucency, a screening test, with which it revealed a possible chromosomal abnormality in the fetus. You’ll have to run it in a private practice or in a clinic, the gynecologist will go with an ultrasound to measure nuchal translucency, the thickness of the skin at the neck softer, and the points that cover the spinal cord of the fetus. During the ultrasound they will also measure the bone of the nose.

The analysis result is expressed in the ratio of 1: X. If the risk is 1:300 or more, some further diagnostic procedures are advised to the mother.

Your Pregnancy. Week 12

The twelfth week of pregnancy ranges from 11 + 0 to 11 + 6 (starting from the date of your last period).

What Happens to Your Body

Now fatigue and nausea begin to move but could hand getting headaches. This is due to the increase in blood circulation volume. There might reoccur dizzy spells and pressure drops: take all precautions about (not to sudden movements, sudden changes of position etc. and be sure to always have a close support).

Report to the attending physician or gynecologist any symptoms, fear, anxiety or doubt that you happen to have. The uterus starts to move forward and then will press less on the bladder. This, however, only until the third quarter when the uterus and baby will be so grown up to be on the same press.

Now the placenta is producing at full capacity the hormones of pregnancy and this will have a beneficial effect on your mood. Your energy increases and it is a good time to start if you have not already done a yoga class or just walking. Any type of physical activity started now will bring your body back into shape quickly after giving birth. The nipples and your areolas are darker and finally back the appetite. On your belly may appear the linea nigra.

The Development of the Child

Your baby is fully formed from the head to the feet, and his organs continue to develop very quickly, especially the brain that despite being little one has the same structure of what will be at birth. The continuous development of the nerves also allows the fetus to already feel some kind of pain.

Hair and nails grow, are forming hair follicles, and mouth are forming tiny tooth buds that sprout from about 5-6 months after birth. The bones of the limbs are ossificating. The heart pumps blood to the very child in a day. It circulates through the umbilical cord blood that carries nutrients and oxygen from the placenta to the fetus and waste products from the fetus to the placenta.

The genitals are visible and then it could be assumed by a careful ultrasound if it is male or female. But the certainty comes from subsequent scans.

Some movements begin to be spontaneous but it is still too small because it can feel. Smiles, opens and closes hands, rotate your ankles and wrists, frowns, shakes his lips, in short, it is committed to operate its entire body and moves so much as you will have seen by ultrasonography.

By the twelfth week of pregnancy from the head to the end of the measure back about 4 cm and weighs about 7 grams.

Other Useful Tips

Always remember to take folic acid tablets with your nutrition.

The daily dose in pregnancy is of 400 g / day These are foods that contain it:

  • Asparagus
  • Salad
  • Whole Grains
  • Citrus
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Yeast
  • Bananas
  • Beans
  • Legumes
  • Bread
  • Melon

Since times immemorial it seemed obvious that pregnant women should necessarily have cravings during pregnancy. Are you also one of those that wake up your partner in the night to be preparing a plate of chips or a sandwich with Nutella?

It seems that these rumors have a medieval period when women had no considerations for what they were eating. In those days any “defect” was soon believed to be the responsibility of the mother who was accused of something she had done during pregnancy for any condition of the infant. There was a time when children who were born with hemangiomas were pointed out as marked by the devil. In some cases mothers were killed and repudiated. Fortunately, until that day no scientific basis has ben found to back up such superstitions. Typically blotchy skin is an inherited trait that has nothing to do with what you have or have not eaten when pregnant.

Leaving aside this silly superstitions there surely remains the fact that during pregnancy there is a greater propensity towards certain foods. This is presumably due to the hormonal storm to which a pregnant woman is a subject to and because at the same time also nausea, digestive problems and abhorrence of foods that used to be a part of ration before the pregnancy.

For example, you might go crazy about salty and savory foods and pizza. Pizza might be the only thing that does not get your body to succumb in revers peristalsis during the first months of pregnancy. You might find that for you individually it is some other type of food. Some research suggests that 68% of pregnant women want something specific in a certain time of pregnancy. Such as chocolate, or potato chips, pickles, or just to give some examples.

Cravings and pregnancy is a concept now stereotyped, inflated even in advertising or in the media. How often have we seen in video pregnant women waking up in the middle of the night the companion dazed gets up to prepare something to munch on for the future mother?

Not all cravings are however are the same and in different people they may have different meanings. For some it is only a desire that does not require to be satisfied, at least not immediately for other instead is something irresistible and that goes accommodated immediately.

Sometimes we tend to think that even a desire to be determined by the demand of the body of a particular nutrient that is scarce or missing. This may be true if, for example we have a strong need to introduce liquids or eating fruits and vegetables, the same cannot help of course if we want to make a covenant of French fries or a piece of chocolate.

Cravings or no cravings, you should always be careful as to ensure that your diet is balanced. Try to introduce the right amount of liquid, to have a balanced diet rich in all necessary nutrients. You can also keep a food diary to keep track of your meals, and in the case of doubts or problems, always consult your midwife or your gynecologist who follows you.

What to Check with Your Doctor

In this week you will run the CVS, it involves the removal of a small part of the chorionic villi through a needle inserted under the navel. This sampling is done to study the DNA and whether there are chromosomal and genetic abnormalities.