Erectile dysfunction and cardio-vascular diseases are often interconnected. Quite often at the beginning of the treatment of erectile dysfunction it turns out that any vascular disease stands behind it.
According to the numerous researches conducted by scientists in different countries cardio-vascular diseases and diabetes are the most widely-spread reasons of the erectile dysfunctions. Vascular diseases occur in nearly 50% men at the age of 50 who suffer from the ED.
Vascular erectile disorders may be caused by the decrease of blood flow to penis mainly due to the atherosclerotic changes, extreme blood outflow and, as a result, damages of veno-occlusive mechanism that is responsible for the venous outflow. Another reason of vascular erectile disorders is structural changes in the cavernous body.
Arterial disorders that lead to the erectile disorders include:
- Arterial atherosclerosis;
- Disorders of peripheric vessels that play an important role in the supply of blood, especially to the lower extremities;
- Damages of vessels after the X-ray therapy of the pelvic tumor.
The latest investigation show that some diseases and situations inevitably lead to the erectile dysfunction in 50% men within the period of 5 years. They are:
- Vessel injuries related to the prostate cancer;
- Vessel injuries connected with frequent cycling;
- Medications applied for the treatment of vascular diseases.
Atherosclerotic vascular disease obstructs the blood flow in the arterial vessels that, in its turn, leads to the decrease of blood inflow to the internals like heart, brain and cavernous body of the penis. Less blood flow in the penis obstructs the erection.
Deterioration of the nitrogen oxide production is considered to be an important factor that is responsible for the erectile dysfunction and cardio-vascular diseases. Nitrogen oxide is produced by the endothelium of the arterial vessel walls and is the basic compound responsible for the erectile function. In case of cardio-vascular diseases endothelium of the vascular system is damaged. It leads to the destruction of production and distribution of nitrogen oxide and erectile disorder.
Erectile disorders as a symptom of cardio-vascular diseases
Erectile disorders may turn out to be the first mark of the cardio-vascular diseases. Vessels transporting the blood to the penis have the diameter of 0.6-0.7 mm. Comparing to the coronary arteries with the diameter of 1.5-2.0 mm they are three times narrower. Therefore the atherosclerosis that is responsible for the narrowing of the artery opening can be revealed much earlier in the form of erectile dysfunction. At the same time symptoms of the heart disease can be revealed later due to the wider coronary artery opening as we told above.
The occurrence of erectile dysfunction in patients suffering from cardio-vascular diseases is much more frequent than in the general number of people.
Factors evolving the sexual dysfunction
Factors evolving erectile dysfunction and cardio-vascular diseases are nearly the same. We can say that high content of cholesterol, overweight, smoking, bad eating habits and stresses cause erectile disorders and at the same time it is true that these factors cause cardio-vascular disorders (CVD) that in their turn result in the occurrence of problems with men’s sexual vigour.
According to the conducted researches the risk of ED in patients with CVD is 39%, in patients with arterial hypertension it makes up 15% and in the whole population – 9.6%.
Another scientific research involving more than 1000 men suffering from ED has shown the following results:
- 18% patients had undiagnosed hypertension;
- 15% patients suffered from diabetes;
- 5% men had ischemic heart disease.
Thus, we can see that diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases and arterial hypertension are the major factors of erectile dysfunction occurrence.
Blood vessels injured in the consequence of the development of diabetes or cardio-vascular diseases cannot fulfill their function and transport blood to the penis. As a result, the erectile dysfunction occurs. If not diagnosed in time the growing problem of injured vessels may lead to the serious health disorders that may involve most internal systems of the human body. Deteriorated blood flow cannot transport nutritive substances and oxygen to the internal organs being they genitourinary, gastrointestinal or other ones. Lack of nutritive substances and oxygen cause the damages of the internal organs and disorders of their work.
In order to prevent the development of the above-mentioned situation it is vitally important to apply to the doctor for a consultation and examination on regular basis especially at the age over 50 years old. Timely diagnosis of vascular diseases will help prevent serious problems with health and avoid sexual problems.