The Reasons, Symptoms and Treatment of Penis Pain
Penis pain is a subject most men avoid talking about or even thinking about until it happens. This subject is a delicate one. However, the presence of pain in any part of the penis can be very serious and should never be ignored. Penile pain can affect the following parts:
- The root. It’s the part connecting the penis to the abdominal wall;
- The shaft. It is the main external body of the penis;
- The head – the glans of the penis;
- The urethra – the tube through which urine and semen move out of the penis.
This article will familiarize you with the causes and symptoms of penis pain. However, it is important to emphasize that a person should seek medical attention immediately if they experience any of the following conditions:
- Erection lasts four hours or more. This condition is better known as priapism;
- The penis or testicles are injured in an accident or during sports activities;
- A cracking sound during sexual intercourse or an erection;
- Inability to urinate.
Symptoms that may Accompany Penis Pain
Symptoms of penile pain may manifest themselves gradually or suddenly, last for only short moments or be persistent. The pain may be sharp, dull, or variable and interfere with sexual activity, urination, daily activities, and impede fertility. The discomfort it causes may be only mild and temporary. Nevertheless, if penis pain is accompanied by other symptoms, it should be examined by a healthcare professional.
Possible accompanying symptoms include:
- Discharge from the urethra
- Bruising of the penis
- Erectile dysfunction
- Penis inflammation
- Blood in the ejaculate
- Hard growths or lumps on the penis
- Pain in the bladder, abdomen, prostate gland or testicles
- Itchy penis
- Sores, rash or lesions on the penis
- Presence of a thick secretion that accumulates under the foreskin
- Premature ejaculation
- Swelling of the penis
- Urination problems, such as difficulty or painful urinating, and bloody urine
It is highly recommended to ask for medical help if any of these conditions accompany penis pain. To help your medical advisor with a diagnosis, you should inform him of when you first experienced the pain and any other symptoms. You should discuss what may have triggered them, how severe they are, whether or not you notice any specific circumstance under which these symptoms take place, the history of such symptoms in the past (if any), and whether you have taken any measures to remedy these symptoms and pain.
Causes of Penis Pain
Penile pain can be caused by a variety of conditions that affect the penis or the urinary tract and urethra. Penis pain can also be caused by sexual activity or physical trauma that occurred during an accident or was caused by surgery. The list of diseases that may cause penis pain is large and includes:
- Allergic reaction to soaps, detergents, or spermicides
- Sexually transmitted diseases, such as syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia and gonorrhea
- Infection, like a urinary tract infection
- Insect bites
- Penile cancer
- Bladder stones
- Paraphimosis – a condition when the foreskin has been pulled back and cannot return to its normal position. It causes pain, swelling, and impeded blood flow to the penis
- Injury, such as being hit by a ball during sports activities, or while riding a motorcycle
- Penile fracture that can be caused by a blunt blow to the penis during an erection
- Sickle cell anemia that can lead to painful erections
- Phimosis – a condition under which the foreskin is exceptionally tight and cannot be retracted
- Reiter syndrome – a kind of reactive arthritis that affects the urethra
- Trauma from complicated removal of a urinary catheter
- Peyronie’s disease
- Insufficient hygiene
- Inflammation of the urethra
As the causes of penis pain can be different, it is natural that the treatment varies based on the diagnosis. However, delaying identification of penile pain may result in undesired consequences and serious complications, like infections, erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, gangrene, and spread of cancer if the diagnosis is penile cancer. Therefore, penis pain is not a reason to be embarrassed, but rather to seek professional medical help.
There are certain conditions that allow you to remedy penis pain at home. Your medical advisor should recommend a treatment for you. Sometimes, ice packs may ease the pain.
If you have identified that penis pain is caused by a sexually transmitted infection, your sexual partner should also be treated.
If you experience a situation when an erection does not go away, it’s a medical emergency. You should get to the hospital right away and ask your healthcare provider about treatment for the condition that causes priapism.
When You Should Contact a Medical Professional
Call your medical advisor if you observe any of the following:
- A continual erection that lasts for 4 hours or more (priapism).
- Pain experienced for 4 hours
- Pain accompanied with other unexplained symptoms
Examples of Treatments and Medications for Penile Pain
When a patient reports penile pain, the primary task for a healthcare professional is to reveal the cause that triggers this pain.
For that purpose, patients who suffer from penis pain usually receive urinalysis, prostate specific antigen measurement, a complete physical skin exam, insertion of a catheter into the urinary bladder, non-operative urinary system measurements, a chlamydia test, HIV screening and culture wound.
The drugs most commonly prescribed for patients with penile pain include pentoxifylline, dutasteride, petrolatum topical, clove, hydrochlorothiazide or propranolol, rofecoxib, famciclovir, quinidine, azelastine ophthalmic, amlodipine or olmesartan, nitrous oxide, lidocaine-prilocaine topical, and abacavir.
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